In this field,
the Autumn and Winter pasture of rye for sheep,
follows the irrigated and compost demanding
Spring /Summer crop of maize.
Heaps of sheep carbon rich deep litter bedding on the left.
Rye as ground cover grows in
Winter despite the usual frosts,
is trimmed by the sheep
(as intermitant disturbance).
Vines on the edges as wind break
and grape crop and olive trees in the centre
increasing the "photosynthesis edge" productivity.
This rye is seeded during the Autumn first rains,
by superficial tilling
in what remains from the maize litter and mulch.
Corn stalks were harvested for sheep winter fodder
or disposed on the edges as mulch for the vines-grapes.
Winter tree cabbage and
Olive trees (upper right) and rows of vines (lower right).
Terraces on gentle slope:
A mosaic of Autumn pastures
(for grazing and forage)
heaps of animal bedding and vines on the edges.